Voice change rules for competitive exams ,First we will discuss some basic rules about voice change and then you will try to solve 15 important voice change questions for competitive exams for practice.
Voice change rules for competitive exams as well in basic grammer:-
There are two types of voices-
- Active Voice – When an action performed by the subject is expressed by the verb, it is an active voice.
- Passive Voice – When the action expressed by the verb is received by the subject, then it is called passive voice.
In Active Voice, a sentence emphasizes subject performing an action while in Passive Voice sentence emphasizes the action or the object of the sentence.
Rules for Active – Passive Voice Conversions:-
RULE 1:- Identify the Subject, Verb and object in the active sentence to convert to passive voice.
Example:- She teaches me. (Subject – She, verb – Teaches, object – Me)
RULE 2:- Interchange the object and subject with each other, i.e. object of the active sentence become the subject of the passive sentence and vice versa.
Example:- She teaches me. (Active Voice) ⇒ I was taught by her. (Passive Voice)
RULE 3:- Change the base verb in the active sentence into the past participle i.e.. third form verb in a passive sentence i.e. preceded by (By, With, to, etc.). Base verbs are never used in passive voice sentences.
Example:- She teaches me. (Active Voice) ⇒ I am taught by her. (Passive Voice)
Example:- She knows him. (Active Voice) ⇒ He is known to her. (Passive Voice)
RULE 4:-While conversion of Active voice sentence to Passive voice sentence, the pronoun used in the sentence also changes in the following manner.
|Active Voice Pronoun||Passive Voice Pronoun|
Forms of Active And Passive Voice For All Tenses:-
NOTE: There is no Passive Voice formation for these tenses-
1.) Present Perfect Continuous Tense
2.) Past Perfect Continuous Tense
3.) Future Perfect Continuous Tense
4.) Future Continuous Tense
⇒ Simple Present Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + V1+s/es+ object)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject)
- He writes an essay. ⇒ An essay is written by him.
- He does not cook food. ⇒ Food is not cooked by him.
- Does he purchase books? ⇒ Are books purchased by him?
⇒ Present Continuous Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + object)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subject)
- He is drawing a scenery. ⇒ A scenery is being drawn by him.
- They are serving poor people. ⇒ Poor people are being served by them.
- Is she buying a phone? ⇒ Is a phone being bought by her?
⇒ Present Perfect Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + has/have+ v3+ object)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subject)
- She has created this masterpiece. ⇒ This masterpiece has been created by her.
- Nitesh has challenged her. ⇒ She has been challenged by Nitesh.
- Have they left the apartment? ⇒ Has apartment been left by them?
⇒ Simple Past Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + V2+ object)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ was/were V3+ by + subject)
- I saved him.⇒ He was saved by me.
- The teacher called the student. ⇒ The student was called by the teacher.
- Did he purchase the books? ⇒ Were the books purchased by him?
⇒ Past Continuous Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ object)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject)
- She was baking the cake. ⇒ The cake was being baked by her.
- They were waiting for him. ⇒ He was being waited for by them.
- Were you reciting the poem? ⇒ Was the poem being recited?
⇒ Past Perfect Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + had + v3+ object.)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ had+ been +V3+ by + subject)
- I had paid fifty thousand. ⇒ Fifty thousand had been paid by me.
- I had finished her work. ⇒ Her work had been finished by me.
- Had they caught the thief? ⇒ Had the thief been caught by them?
⇒ Simple Future Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + shall/will+ v1+ object.)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject)
- They will post the letter. ⇒ The letter will be posted by them.
- He shall start the meeting. ⇒ The meeting will be started by him.
- Will you mop the floor? ⇒ Will the floor be mopped by you?
⇒ Future Perfect Tense:-
Rules:- Active Formation (Subject + will+ have +v3+ object)⇒Passive Formation (Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subject)
- They will have brought the toy. ⇒ The toy will have been brought by them.
- They will have won the match. ⇒ The match will have been won by them.
- Will she have written the notes? ⇒ Will the notes have been written by her?
⇒ There is also another kind of voice known as QUASI PASSIVE where a verb is active in form but passive in sense.
- Honey tastes sweet. ⇒ Honey is sweet when it is tested.
- The house is building. ⇒ The house is being built.